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    India’s First M-Root Server Instance Goes Live in Mumbai, Expected to Boost DNS Stability

    The National Internet Exchange of India (NIXI) has announced that the first M-Root server instance in India is live in NIXI Mumbai as of June 10, 2024. NIXI says that this will enhance the stability & resilience of DNS resolution for the Indian internet community. 

    Root servers are a part of the domain name system (DNS), a worldwide system that translates domain names into IP addresses. There are 13 root server operators located in various parts of the world that describe where the authoritative servers for the DNS top-level domains (TLD) are located and how to reach them. A majority of these root server operators are located in the United States with only 3 being located elsewhere, namely Japan, the Netherlands, and Sweden. The root server system consists of 1846 instances operated by the 12 independent root server operators, these are individual machines that hold DNS root data

    How do root servers work?

    Simply put, if we think of the internet as a massive telephone directory and websites as different phone numbers, your computer would have to look up a specific number in the directory to find a website. Given the sheer scale of the internet, it can become hard for the computer to find a specific website. This is where root servers come in and tell the computer which part of the directory it should check for the website.

    What is the advantage of having root server instances in India?

    According to the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), one of the benefits of hosting a root server instance is that it can reduce DNS query response time. Simply put, having root server instances within India means that queries would be answered faster than if it had to go to root server instances outside the country. This, in turn, also means lesser bandwidth consumption in answering queries. 

    Besides the M root server instance that has been operationalized in Mumbai, as of 2022, there are over 40 root server instances in India, according to an HT report. Besides establishing root server instances, India is also currently in talks with ICANN to set up a cluster of internet root servers in the country. According to FAQs present on ICANN’s website, ICANN-managed root server (IMRS) clusters are large installations of multiple servers that have a large service or processing capacity. “ They are usually commissioned with very high bandwidth to deal with heavy traffic or spikes in traffic. These are in contrast to single servers with relatively limited capacity and bandwidth,” the organization explains. 

    As per an HT report, if the discussions end positively, this will be the first time India will get a cluster mirroring all 13 root servers that underpin the internet. 

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    The post India’s First M-Root Server Instance Goes Live in Mumbai, Expected to Boost DNS Stability appeared first on MEDIANAMA.

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