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    Report: US looking to regulate export of high powered AI models

    The US Government is reportedly planning to introduce regulations around the export of high-powered AI models and their software. Sources familiar with the matter said that the US Department of Commerce are looking to restrict the export of proprietary or closed-source AI models, Reuters reported. One of the sources said the restrictions would likely target AI models exports to Russia, China, North Korea, and Iran.

    Closed-source AI models are defined by their source code not being publicly available, thus not allowing users to build on them like in the case of open-source models. Notable examples of closed-source models include Gemini and Claude by Google, Amazon-backed Anthropic and OpenAI’s GPT-4.

    The sources also told Reuters, that the criteria to come under these restrictions would be based on the amount of computing power required to train a model. They added that these thresholds would align with the criteria set out by Biden’s AI Executive Order signed by the President in October 2023. Developers will be required to report their AI model development plans and provide test results to the Commerce Department once models reach the established level of computing power.

    US worried about AI models used by other countries

    The US Government has previously expressed its concerns with the development of AI in foreign countries, particularly, China. In April 2024, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security established an AI Security Board. In its press release, it noted that nation-states like China  are developing “other AI technologies that could undermine U.S. cyber defenses, including generative AI programs that support malicious activity such as malware attacks.”

    Similarly, the President’s Executive Order on Preventing Access to Americans’ Bulk Sensitive Personal Data stated that the US had strongly reflected on the potential negative use cases of AI in matters of national security. It said that,

    “Countries of concern can rely on advanced technologies, including artificial intelligence (AI), to analyze and manipulate bulk sensitive personal data to engage in espionage, influence, kinetic, or cyber operations or to identify other potential strategic advantages over the United States. “

    It also stated that the need to protect data from “countries of concern” stemmed from the threat that these countries may innovate and refine AI technology, “thereby improving their ability to exploit the underlying data and exacerbating the national security and foreign policy threats. “

    Potential implications for businesses

    Notably, this regulation could also affect businesses, making them answerable to the Government. In the past, the US government has taken action against Microsoft, due to Chinese cyberattacks on its products. Earlier this year, the US Homeland Security Department issued a report instructing Microsoft to enhance the cybersecurity of its existing products instead of launching new ones. US Congress also banned the US commercial version of Microsoft AI Co-pilot from governmental use over potential data leakage from the Senate. 

     


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    The post Report: US looking to regulate export of high powered AI models appeared first on MediaNama.

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