Gamification may be nothing new to the marketing world, but no marketing strategy makes better use of fun, reward and recognition. It’s the perfect way to get in touch with customers in a playful way.
Gamification – the use of game elements in a non-game context – offers a great way to keep customers engaged, loyal and repeat buyers. There are a number of different objectives that can be pursued through gamification. First, though, it is necessary to look at how gamification can be implemented as part of a marketing campaign.
A good example of how to make customers interact with brands is gamification through connected experiences. Here, QR codes are placed on product packaging that lead the customer to either a specially created app or website. Once there, the participant can take part in games that are closely linked to the brand.
In the case of a fun game created by Appetite Creative for the Lego company, participants could choose between different characters with which they could play different games at a fun fair in Lego style, such as ‘can knockdown’ or ‘high striker’. The game generated a participation rate of 85%, resulting in an average dwell time of 70 seconds. This allows gamification as part of the marketing campaign to create additional touch points with customers.
Achieving goals in a more fun and playful way
When it comes to motivation, playful elements in a marketing campaign can provide compelling engagement. Through gamification, participants interact intensively with the brand and are encouraged to participate in a playful manner – such as in the previously explained Lego game. It’s an effective way for the brand to differentiate itself from the competition and can increase loyalty. (Hamari, J. et al. Does gamification work? — A literature review of empirical studies on gamification. In Proceedings of the 47th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, Waikoloa, HI, USA, 6–9 January 2014; pp. 3025–3034).
There are many approaches and implementation tools for gamification via a web page or app, such as:
- Awarding collected bonus points to customers
- Encouraging participants to overcome levels or goals by breaking them down into compelling individual steps
- Offering small incentives or rewards for engagement such as money off vouchers
- Give users the option to compete or share with others creating a challenge element
A major advantage of gamification is that customer data can be collected to establish brand engagement and understanding, dwell time and product preferences, among other trackable data points. In the case of Kitkat, for instance, Appetite Creative created a game in which the user controls a figure that evades flames by jumping while collecting KitKats floating in the air. The more KitKats users catch, the more points they get. To participate in the game and get on the scoreboard, players had to register. This enabled KitKat to collect revealing data about their customers.
Two types of gamification
Gamification can be used to encourage customers to interact more regularly with a brand for a short timescale, for example when rewards are only offered for a limited period of time. One example is the Cup Flip Game from Starbucks, developed by the team at Appetite Creative. In the game, a user could attempt and practice the tricky task of flipping in an instantly recognisable Starbucks cup onto a platform. Scores were shareable and after earning enough points, users won bragging rights among friends, as well as vouchers to use in the store. The game provided an average engagement time of 60 seconds as well as a 90% engagement rate. Starbucks incentive targets were clearly achieved with 110%.
Longer term, gamification can motivate participants to reach new game levels to obtain certain incentives or other rewards, for example airline frequent flyer miles. With every flight booked, points are collected which, depending on the number, take you to different status levels. The higher the customer is rated, the better incentives are offered, from access to airport lounges to transportation to the aircraft in a private car.
This is why gamification is so successful
Gamification creates a change in buying behaviour, with customers becoming more loyal and affectionate towards the brand. They want to keep obtaining rewards and achieve certain status levels, gifts or discounts. As a consequence, sales are boosted and profits increased. (Zichermann, G.; Linder, J. The Gamification Revolution: How Leaders Leverage Game Mechanics to Crush the Competition; McGraw-Hill Education: New York, NY, USA, 2013.)
As part of a marketing campaign, gamification offers the opportunity to create additional touch points with the customer, allowing them to further interact with the brand. This is proven to keep customers engaged, loyal and repeat buyers.